The European Commission’s Proposed AI Regulation

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In December 2018, the European Commission issued a warning to EU institutions: “the EU risks losing out on the opportunities offered by AI, facing a brain-drain and being a consumer of solutions developed elsewhere.”


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The Commission said it hoped to “foster the broadest possible uptake of AI in the economy,” while ensuring that AI would “be predictable, responsible, verifiable, respect fundamental rights and follow ethical rules.”

These twin goals—promoting the development of AI and safeguarding people from potential harms caused by AI— underpin the Commission’s Proposal for a Regulation laying down harmonised rules on artificial intelligence (proposed AIR), published on 21 April 2021.

This report examines the European Commission’sproposed AI Regulation by exploring the following topics:

  • A new era of regulation in Europe
  • Overview of the proposed AI regulation
  • Prohibited AI practices
  • High-Risk AI systems
  • Limited-Risk AI systems
  • Governance, Implementation and Enforcement
  • Future of the proposed AI Regulation